The Kenya Forum | How does climate change affect Kenya? - The Kenya Forum

August 9, 2023


How does climate change affect Kenya? In this article, we discuss the impact of climate change and what we are doing about it.

More by Winnie Kabintie

How does climate change affect Kenya?

How does climate change affect Kenya?

Failed rains causing prolonged drought in Kenya

The magical Kenya – as it’s popularly referred to – boasts of breathtaking landscapes, diverse ecosystems, and a rich cultural heritage. However, the country has not been left behind when it comes to the impacts of climate change affecting communities across the globe.

Kenya’s vulnerability to climate change is strikingly evident in our changing climate patterns. Unpredictable rainfall has resulted in prolonged droughts and devastating floods, affecting agricultural productivity and food security. Mount Kenya’s glaciers, once considered a natural treasure, are also receding at an alarming rate, threatening water supplies for communities and wildlife downstream.

Coastal communities are facing the brunt of rising sea levels and more frequent and severe storms, putting infrastructure and livelihoods at risk. The tourism industry, a cornerstone of Kenya’s economy, is feeling the impact as coral reefs degrade and iconic wildlife habitats become increasingly fragile.

What are we doing to combat climate change?

In an effort to address the immediate climate change crisis and also pave the way for a sustainable future, the government, conservationists, policymakers and youth in the civil society space are coming up with innovative solutions.

Renewable Energy Revolution: Kenya has made significant strides in embracing renewable energy sources. The Lake Turkana Wind Power Project, one of the largest in Africa, harnesses the strong winds of northern Kenya to generate clean electricity, reducing the country’s reliance on fossil fuels and decreasing carbon emissions.

Green Agriculture Initiatives: Agriculture is a vital sector in Kenya, and climate-smart farming practices are gaining ground. Farmers are adopting techniques such as agroforestry, conservation agriculture, and water-efficient irrigation to adapt to changing conditions and enhance productivity.

Innovative Water Management: To address water scarcity, Kenyan cities are implementing rainwater harvesting systems and efficient water distribution methods. These initiatives not only provide access to clean water but also contribute to minimizing runoff and soil erosion.

Eco-friendly Tourism: Recognizing the importance of its natural heritage, Kenya’s tourism industry is increasingly focusing on sustainable practices. Conservation efforts, community engagement, and low-impact tourism models are being integrated to preserve wildlife and protect fragile ecosystems.

#AdoptaPark is one such initiative led by young people under the Stand-up Shout Group led by environmentalist and conversationist Peter Moll.

Afforestation and Reforestation: To combat deforestation and promote carbon sequestration, Kenya has undertaken ambitious tree-planting campaigns. Projects such as the Green Belt Movement are working to restore degraded landscapes and promote environmental awareness. The First Lady Rachel Ruto has also been leading tree-planting drives across the country.

In January of this year, President William Ruto launched a campaign that will see 15 billion trees planted in Kenya by 2032 to realize forest restoration and tackle the effects of climate change.

There is however a dire need to localize the conversations around climate change so that all Kenyans understand what is happening and the role each one has to play if we are to win this war.


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